Essential Pest Control Tips and Techniques 

Pests are annoying and can cause damage to crops, buildings, and vehicles. Some can also transmit diseases like hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, leptospirosis, plague, and salmonella.

Threshold-based decision-making is a key part of monitoring. A few ants or wasps around the house don’t warrant action, but a growing population may indicate that control measures are needed. Contact Pest Control Chesterfield MO for professional help.

If possible, prevention is the best way to deal with pests. That’s why it is important for professionals to offer preventative services like sealing cracks and caulking windows.

The goal of prevention is to make the environment less welcoming to pests by removing their food, water, and shelter. To accomplish this goal, it is important to identify the pest and its habitat, and then tailor a control method that will minimize off-target damage. This can be achieved by scouting and monitoring the site to determine if the pest is present and if its numbers are unacceptable.

Keeping a clean house is also a great way to prevent pest infestations, because it will eliminate the food and water sources that pests are drawn to. Make sure to wipe down counters and tables regularly to remove crumbs, and vacuum or sweep floors frequently. In addition, store food in sealable containers and keep garbage cans tightly closed. It is also important to fix any leaky pipes or gutters, and to get rid of standing water around the home.

Pests are often found in hard-to-reach places, such as behind walls and under the floor. This is because many pests have small bodies that allow them to squeeze into tiny spaces. However, it is easy to keep pests out of these areas by making the space as unattractive as possible. Regularly cleaning storage areas, such as closets and attics will help to ensure that there is no food or water for pests to find.

Finally, the landscape around a property should be kept away from buildings to avoid rodents and insects climbing up the exterior wall or into the structure. Keeping woodpiles away from the house, removing debris, and trimming trees and bushes will all help to keep pests at bay.

Finally, remember that natural forces affect all organisms, including pests. Weather, climate, predators, and other factors can all influence a pest population, so it is important to monitor pest populations in order to know when action should be taken. By understanding these forces, a professional can make the most effective use of scouting and monitoring to decide when it is necessary to use control methods.


Pests are usually controlled by using natural, mechanical or chemical means. Natural controls include weather, topography and other environmental conditions that limit pest populations or make them less abundant. Biological controls use natural enemies to injure or consume pests. Pheromones, hormones and other substances produced by pests can also control them. Chemical controls involve the use of synthetic or natural chemicals to kill or repel pests.

Monitoring is an important part of pest control, because it helps to determine whether a pest is causing damage and to what extent. Pest identification is also very important, because correct identification allows you to select the most appropriate control measures.

Preventive methods are the first line of defense against pests. For example, keep your house clean and free of crumbs, newspapers, books, etc., because rodents and other pests can easily breed in these areas. Also, caulk cracks and crevices, and cover any holes or other entrance points.

Another preventive measure is to plant trees and shrubs that are adapted to your local climate and soil conditions, because they tend to be more resistant to pests than those that are not. Some plants release chemicals that are toxic to pests. Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecological approach to pest control that uses monitoring and information on pest biology and behavior to guide the selection, timing and application of control measures.

The purpose of IPM is to reduce the need for pesticides by preventing damage before it occurs. This can be done by combining preventive methods, such as planting disease-resistant varieties and avoiding overuse of fertilizers, with control strategies that remove or suppress pests when they occur.

Eradication is generally not the goal in outdoor pest situations, because it’s difficult to achieve. However, in indoor areas, such as homes, businesses and health care, eradication is more of an objective. Fogging, a method that involves pumping an entire room or building with pesticide gases, can be very effective in eliminating some pests. However, this method should only be used when necessary and by professionals who understand the health risks involved and take precautions to minimize them.


The goal of pest control is not to eradicate pests but to keep them from damaging crops, buildings, and other areas. This is usually a much more difficult task than prevention or suppression, and it may require the use of chemical methods such as pesticides. The word eradicate originally meant to literally pull something up by its roots, and it later came to refer to removing something completely from an area, as in the phrase “to eradicate a disease.” The success of the Smallpox eradication program led to the use of the term for other diseases such as Guinea worm and polio, which have now been virtually eliminated.

Some types of pests can be controlled using physical means, such as traps, barriers, and screens. These are sometimes combined with alterations to the environment, such as changing lighting, heat, and water or air humidity. Chemicals can also be used to control pests, but they present a greater risk of injury or illness to humans and other organisms than do the physical controls.

The first step in preventing pests in indoor environments is to remove the food and shelter they need. This includes trash, crumbs, and other sources of food as well as cracks, crevices, and standing water. It is important to regularly vacuum and wipe down surfaces, especially those where food is stored. Trash cans should be emptied frequently and sealed tightly, and cracks should be repaired.

Chemicals, such as anticoagulants, metal phosphides, nematicides, and insecticidal sprays can be effective in eliminating certain pests, but they present a serious risk to human health, as do many other pest control methods. These chemicals often cause immunotoxicity in people, which can result in allergic reactions and other illnesses. They can also damage the environment, including groundwater and adjacent crops.

Keeping outdoor spaces clear of weeds, debris, and other things that can harbor pests is also important. Getting rid of these items can prevent pests from entering homes, where they can cause damage and pose health risks. The most efficient way to do this is to hire pest control experts who can handle different pests and use various methods to eradicate them.


IPM is a science-based decision-making process that uses information on pest biology and environmental data to manage pest damage in ways that minimize economic costs and risks to people and the environment. It incorporates preventive and curative controls including cultural, physical, mechanical, biological and genetic methods, using pesticides as a last resort and only when other control measures are not effective. It requires regular monitoring, record keeping and careful analysis of results to determine if and when pest control is needed.

The key to successful IPM is preventive and non-chemical methods, such as removing food, water or shelter for pests, planting disease-resistant plants or caulking cracks in buildings. Also important is preventing pests from getting into the building in the first place by keeping kitchens and garbage areas clean, reducing clutter and removing standing water.

Another crucial part of IPM is identifying the pest species, its life cycle and habitat to develop management strategies that are most likely to work. It’s a lot like being a detective, and this can be accomplished by inspecting the area to find signs of the pest such as droppings or damaged leaves or by studying what it eats, where it lives, how it reproduces, etc. It’s a good idea to check with your local UC Cooperative Extension office or an expert in your area for help in identification.

A good IPM program includes an action threshold – the point at which pest numbers or environmental conditions require treatment to reduce their impact on crop production, health hazards or aesthetic quality. When establishing an action threshold, it is recommended to consider the economic and environmental impacts of the pest, and its tolerance level to different control methods.

A final part of an IPM plan involves the deliberate release of natural enemies to kill or parasitize pests in order to control their populations without the need for chemical intervention. This can be a complicated endeavor and should only be undertaken by an experienced entomologist. It requires identifying predators and parasitoids that can successfully be released, finding a reliable way to release them, learning how and where to release them and ensuring that they are able to find the pests they are intended to target.